1. All of the following statements about staphylococcus aureus are true except

 
 
 
 

2. Fungus affecting reticular endothelial system

 
 
 
 

3. Insulin resistant DM:

 
 
 
 

4. Which of the following coagulation factors causes cross linking and stabilisation of clot

 
 
 
 

5. Each of the following is a risk factor in atherosclerosis EXCEPT one.Which one is this EXCEPTION?

 
 
 
 

6. True about polio

 
 
 
 

7. Ulthoff sign is seen in:

 
 
 
 

8. Which of the following procoagulant proteins binds to tissue factor exposed beneath the endothelium of traumatized blood vessels and initiates the clotting cascade?

 
 
 
 

9. Acute infection causes:

 
 
 
 

10. an important non respiratory function of lungs is

 
 
 
 

11. the sigmoid nature of Hb-O2 dissociation curve is because of

 
 
 
 

12. Hockey stick appearance in echocardiography is a feature of

 
 
 
 

13. Treatment of asymptomatic bradycardia is

 
 
 
 

14. Decreased basal metabolic rate is seen in:

 
 
 
 

15. Kolmer test is a screening test done for

 
 
 
 

16. First sensation to be lost in leprosy

 
 
 
 

17. nitrogen narcosis is caused due to

 
 
 
 

18. Release of neurotransmitter from presynaptic vesicles is an example of

 
 
 
 

19. Consider two patients with atherosclerosis, one is diabetic and other is non-diabetic. When compare to non-diabetic, diabetic patient has hundred times increased risk of

 
 
 
 

20. A child on administration of Penicillin developed fever, rashes, urticaria and swelling. It is due to:

 
 
 
 

21. All of the following are potential pathogens of ororpharynx except:

 
 
 
 

22. Eosinophils are characteristically seen in which of the following conditions?

 
 
 
 

23. Cardiovascular effects seen in AIDS are all except

 
 
 
 

24. False about Staphylococcus lugdunensis

 
 
 
 

25. Which of the following regions of the nephron is capable of the greatest level of glucose reabsorption?

 
 
 
 

26. Rapid correction of severe hyperglycemia only by insulin causes:

 
 
 
 

27. normal anion gap is (in mEq/l)

 
 
 
 

28. mean circulatory filling ressure is

 
 
 
 

29. decreased basal metabolic rate is seen in

 
 
 
 

30. Hematologic investigations of PT/INR are useful to detect defects in:

 
 
 
 

31. Golf ball inclusion bodies in RBC are seen in

 
 
 
 

32. Which of the following controls the salivary secretion?

 
 
 
 

33. Which of the following drug is not used for management of acute pulmonary oedema

 
 
 
 

34. Acute infection causes:

 
 
 
 

35. Most important step in management of acute diarrhea:

 
 
 
 

36. Percentage of Total body water to total body weight at birth is

 
 
 
 

37. Tuberculin test screens for

 
 
 
 

38. If a person is having ventricular tachycardia,extra systoles appears in

 
 
 
 

39. In body plethysmography,a person is asked to expire against a closed glottis. What will be the change in the pressure in the lung and the box

 
 
 
 

40. Which of the following bone malignancies is most fatal:

 
 
 
 

41. maximum potassium ions secretion is seen in

 
 
 
 

42. A patient in emergency with symptoms of tachycardia bronchodilation increased temperature and constipation .He may be suffering from poisoning with

 
 
 
 

43. bile acid pool circulates

 
 
 
 

44. Bile acids consist of all except

 
 
 
 

45. All are true about Leptospirosis except:

 
 
 
 

46. With regards to temperature requirement, most pathogenic bacteria are:

 
 
 
 

47. Half-Life of free HIV in plasma is:

 
 
 
 

48. Jaundice refers to yellow discoloration of the skin, sclera, and tissues caused by:

 
 
 
 

49. Not true of obstructive sleep apnea

 
 
 
 

50. Largest reserve of energy in body stored as

 
 
 
 

51. In a 70 kg adult, the fasting blood sugar level is 180 mg/100m1. This is indicative of

 
 
 
 

52. Generalized edema is known as:

 
 
 
 

53. The most appropriate drug use for chelation therapy in beta thalassaemia major is

 
 
 
 

54. which of the following is absorbed in stomach

 
 
 
 

55. Blood agar is

 
 
 
 

56. The following hepatitis virus is transmitted by faeco-oral route: except

 
 
 
 

57. basal metabolic rate depends most closely on

 
 
 
 

58. Antigenieity is seen in:

 
 
 
 

59. During normal diastole, which of the following is most important in preventing over- distension of the ventricles?

 
 
 
 

60. Cross beta-pleated sheet structure in amyloidosis is determined by:

 
 
 
 

61. All of the following infections may be transmitted by dental instruments except

 
 
 
 

62. maximum water reabsorption in the GIT occurs in

 
 
 
 

63. Phagocytosis enhanced by coating the surface of antigen is called

 
 
 
 

64. interference with oxygen exchange in lungs is a type of

 
 
 
 

65. C ‘wave in JVP is due to

 
 
 
 

66. Acromegaly is

 
 
 
 

67. Diabetes mellitus affects all except:

 
 
 
 

68. Which of the following is likely to be decreased in a patient with severe anemia (Hb less than 7 g/dL)?

 
 
 
 

69. Hemophilia A is caused by defect of gene encoding:

 
 
 
 

70. Sterilization cycle uses:

 
 
 
 

71. in a normal person which of the following occurs when he becomes supine from a standing position

 
 
 
 

72. Most common cause of Resistant hypertension is

 
 
 
 

73. Sulfonylureas acts by:

 
 
 
 

74. Causative organism for native valve infective endocarditis:

 
 
 
 

75. A 60 years old patient having cardiorespiratory arrest in hospital ward, for oxygenation what should be done immediately?

 
 
 
 

76. The mechanism of genetic transfer where a phage serves as a vehicle Is

 
 
 
 

77. The cells which have the capacity to multiply throughout their Life

 
 
 
 

78. Most important factor in transport across a membrane

 
 
 
 

79. Techoic acid is present in

 
 
 
 

80. Branchial cyst opens most commonly in which area:

 
 
 
 

81. Effusion in TB is characterized by:

 
 
 
 

82. Urea breath test used for:

 
 
 
 

83. H. pylori infection is seen in all except:

 
 
 
 

84. GFR measurement help in determining

 
 
 
 

85. normal pH of stomach is

 
 
 
 

86. All of the following statements are true regarding reversible cell injury, except –

 
 
 
 

87. Rothera’s test is used to detect:

 
 
 
 

88. The exact part of the antigen that reacts with the immune system is called as

 
 
 
 

89. rods and cones differ in all except

 
 
 
 

90. physiolgical response to smoking are all except

 
 
 
 

91. which of the following is not a primary taste

 
 
 
 

92. Potential developed due to movement of freely diffusible ions across a semi permeable membrane is calculated using

 
 
 
 

93. Incorrect about Lafora’s disease

 
 
 
 

94. why fetal cells continue to divide but terminally differentiated adult cells do not divide

 
 
 
 

95. Virchow’s triad consists of all except:

 
 
 
 

96. regarding transport of substances through the cell membrane all are true except

 
 
 
 

97. Antibiotic sensitivity and resistance of microorganisms is determined by

 
 
 
 

98. Kidney stones (renal calculi) are a common complication in a patient with which disorder listed below?

 
 
 
 

99. Regarding leptospirosis all are true except:

 
 
 
 

100. Which one of the following clinical findings excludes the diagnosis of polymyositis

 
 
 
 

101. somatomedian mediates

 
 
 
 

102. maximum phosphate is reabsorbed in

 
 
 
 

103. Immunoglobin, which is produced first by the fetus in response to Infection

 
 
 
 

104. The host tissue response in acute inflammation is all except

 
 
 
 

105. Windkessel effect in large arteries perform what function

 
 
 
 

106. Filgrastim is used for treatment of

 
 
 
 

107. All of the following clinical features are associated with enteroviruses

 
 
 
 

108. which of the following statements is true

 
 
 
 

109. Which of the following anti-diabetic drugs can be used safely in renal failure

 
 
 
 

110. constitutive component of pulmonary endothelium cells

 
 
 
 

111. Bone lytic lesions along with increase in B-cells derived from hyperplastic bone marrow are seen in:

 
 
 
 

112. intrinsic factor of castle is secreted by which of the following cells in gastric glands

 
 
 
 

113. Gram -ve bacteria stain during gram staining:

 
 
 
 

114. Platelet aggregation and vasoconstriction caused by:

 
 
 
 

115. Malignant epithelial cells have an increased number and wider distribution of which of the following receptors

 
 
 
 

116. Malignant tumour that shows periosteal reaction:

 
 
 
 

117. All of the following are possible causes of tetany, except:

 
 
 
 

118. Purkinje fibres are

 
 
 
 

119. Peripheral nerve regenerates at the rate of mm per day

 
 
 
 

120. Complement binding Immunoglobin via the classical pathway is –

 
 
 
 

121. Best test for mycoplasma infection is

 
 
 
 

122. The best way to sterilize an instrument soaked in AIDS virus is:

 
 
 
 

123. Multiple drug resistance of bacteria depends on which of the following:

 
 
 
 

124. which of the following is the active form of calcium in circulation

 
 
 
 

125. Which type of necrosis listed below is the basic and most common type?

 
 
 
 

126. The oxygen-hemoglobin dissociation curve shifts to the left under which of the following circumstances?

 
 
 
 

127. Which of the following is a true statement?

 
 
 
 

128. In a pregnant woman, which of the following vaccines is not indicated

 
 
 
 

129. Actinomycetes is

 
 
 
 

130. The single most important laboratory test for determining the virulence of staphylococci is

 
 
 
 

131. Continuous murmur is seen in all of the following conditions except

 
 
 
 

132. Which is not seen in Cushing’ syndrome:

 
 
 
 

133. Which of the following is not seen in secondary adrenal insufficiency

 
 
 
 

134. Most common cause of nephrotic syndrome in adults:

 
 
 
 

135. Which stage of plasmodium vivax is infective for mosquito?

 
 
 
 

136. Which of the following is true about streptococcus pneumoniae:

 
 
 
 

137. Nephrotic syndrome causes:

 
 
 
 

138. Tumor lysis syndrome is characterized by all except:

 
 
 
 

139. The following is true about malaria

 
 
 
 

140. A 29 yrs old woman with a pregnancy of 17 week has a 10 years old boy with down syndrome. She does not want another down syndrome kid; best advice to her is

 
 
 
 

141. Bacteria used in probiotics is

 
 
 
 

142. IL-1 helps in:

 
 
 
 

143. All are true regarding Donavanosis except:

 
 
 
 

144. Which of the following conditions is least likely to present as an eccentric osteolytic lesion?

 
 
 
 

145. Schwannoma of spinal nerve roots is seen in

 
 
 
 

146. Anaphylotoxins:

 
 
 
 

147. christmas disease occurs due to deficiency of

 
 
 
 

148. Most common structure compressed by aneurysm of posterior communicating artery in the circle of Willis

 
 
 
 

149. A protoplast is best described as a bacterial cell

 
 
 
 

150. iron in hemoglobin is in

 
 
 
 

151. Cytokines are soluble proteins secreted by which of the following cells?

 
 
 
 

152. Investigation of choice to diagnose epilepsy

 
 
 
 

153. Vagal stimulation of the heart causes decrease in heart rate by

 
 
 
 

154. Under normal conditions, the main drive for respiration is the

 
 
 
 

155. Fluid of choice in infant diarrhoea

 
 
 
 

156. Most potent stimulator of naive T cells is:

 
 
 
 

157. Endotoxic shock is initiated by

 
 
 
 

158. vit K dependent clotting factors are

 
 
 
 

159. A patient is admitted in casualty with signs of fever, lymphadenopathay etc. Investigations reveal infection by pseudomonas aeruginosa. Drug of choice includes

 
 
 
 

160. Drug of choice in neonatal seizures

 
 
 
 

161. Tachycardia, nervousness, intolerance to heat and exophthalmos are seen in

 
 
 
 

162. The following immunoglobulin is not known to fix complement

 
 
 
 

163. Which of the following is not used as disinfectant for skin preparation due to its irritation potential:

 
 
 
 

164. Ocular bobbing is seen in

 
 
 
 

165. complement factor used to identify activation through common pathway is

 
 
 
 

166. First released Immunoglobulin after primary immunization

 
 
 
 

167. Mid systolic click is classically heard in

 
 
 
 

168. Doppler ultrasound, all are true except?

 
 
 
 

169. Earliest marker of renal damage in a known case of diabetes mellitus is:

 
 
 
 

170. during diastole the arterial pressure is maintained by

 
 
 
 

171. Two particles have same diameter. The one which will pass easily through glomerular membrane has

 
 
 
 

172. Wheel chair sign is seen in

 
 
 
 

173. NK CELL acts on viruses because

 
 
 
 

174. The mechanism by which most fungi cause disease

 
 
 
 

175. Organism most resistant to sterilization:

 
 
 
 

176. all are second messengers ecept

 
 
 
 

177. Which of the following does not occur as the blood passes through systemic capillaries

 
 
 
 

178. Chemoreceptors are located in which area

 
 
 
 

179. prion – true is

 
 
 
 

180. In which of the following disease maternal antibodies are not protective to the child

 
 
 
 

181. Best method of sterilizing disposable syringes:

 
 
 
 

182. Following is given with iron to increase its absorption

 
 
 
 

183. A nursing staff while putting IV line to a seriously ill patient of HIV accidentally got a needlestick injury. Which of the following investigation will be most appropriate for her

 
 
 
 

184. Blood pressure is difficult to measure in a patient with

 
 
 
 

185. Anemia in a newborn can result from:

 
 
 
 

186. Angiotensin II causes all of the following, except

 
 
 
 

187. Component of tubercle bacilli which produces granuloma is

 
 
 
 

188. in a healthy patient the spaces between the body contain

 
 
 
 

189. All of the following vascular changes are observed in acute inflammation, except –

 
 
 
 

190. Not essential for brain death

 
 
 
 

191. All of the following drugs are used in pituitary adenoma except

 
 
 
 

192. The most important parameter to monitor Dengue haemorrhagic fever is

 
 
 
 

193. During management of ventricular fibrillation , what is true about use of vasopressin

 
 
 
 

194. which of the following is not involved in intrinsic pathway

 
 
 
 

195. Both intranulear and intracytoplasmic inclusions are present in which of the following viruses

 
 
 
 

196. Not a characteristic of white infarct:

 
 
 
 

197. APGAR score is a quantitative method of assessing score of new born status based on

 
 
 
 

198. Which of the following enzyme is required to induce the formation of a plasma clot by pathogenic staphylococci

 
 
 
 

199. Which of the following situations will lead to increased viscosity of blood

 
 
 
 

200. Cerebral perfusion pressure is

 
 
 
 

201. The blood from an 8-year-old boy was analyzed by flow cytometry. The exact number of B cells was counted. Which of the following cell surface markers was likely used to identify the B cells in this blood sample?

 
 
 
 

202. life span of RBC is

 
 
 
 

203. Granuloma is characterized by all of the following except:

 
 
 
 

204. Episodic generalized weakness is related to all except:

 
 
 
 

205. Which valve is most affected by rheumatic fever

 
 
 
 

206. Difference in transudate and exudate is that the former has a:

 
 
 
 

207. An increase in the size of an organ or tissue due to an increase in the size of cells is known as:

 
 
 
 

208. Which of these is true about antibodies:

 
 
 
 

209. Which of the following would shift the oxygen-hemoglobin dissociation curve to the right?

 
 
 
 

210. all of the following antibacterial proteins are secreted from primary granules except

 
 
 
 

211. A 39-year old female presents with fever. The blood culture from the patient grows gram positive small to medium coccobacilli that are pleomorphic occurring in short chains. Direct wet mount from the culture shows tumbling motility. The most likely organism is

 
 
 
 

212. Proximal convoluted tubule have which type of aquaporins

 
 
 
 

213. Extrahepatic cholestasis causes:

 
 
 
 

214. In uncompensated diabetic ketoacidosis

 
 
 
 

215. All of the following are formed via the cyclooxygenase pathway, except:

 
 
 
 

216. All of the following are characteristic of an exudate, except:

 
 
 
 

217. Chymotrypsinogen is a

 
 
 
 

218. Blood transfusion associated acute lung injury occurs due to

 
 
 
 

219. Effector region of immunoglobulin is

 
 
 
 

220. ST segment of ECG corresponds to

 
 
 
 

221. Causative organism for gas gangrene

 
 
 
 

222. Which of the following drugs used for diabetes melitis causes lactic acidosis

 
 
 
 

223. A decrease in which of the following parameters would tend to increase the glomerular capillary hydrostatic pressure?

 
 
 
 

224. Decreased basal metabolic rate is seen in:

 
 
 
 

225. Differential leucocyte count is used for diagnosis of:

 
 
 
 

226. In classification of Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), a severe case is defined as when the number of episodes of apnoea during sleep exceed

 
 
 
 

227. You have to draw blood from a patient. When will you give EDTA?

 
 
 
 

228. If diameter of a vessel is doubled

 
 
 
 

229. The oxygen hemoglobin dissociation curve is sigmoid because

 
 
 
 

230. Phage conversion is required for:

 
 
 
 

231. Role of bile salts

 
 
 
 

232. Sunlight has sterilizing effect because:

 
 
 
 

233. Nitrogen washout method is used for estimating

 
 
 
 

234. carbon monoxide transfusion in lungs is diffusion limited as

 
 
 
 

235. Which of the following is not true about from a transfusion related acute lung injury

 
 
 
 

236. If a creatinine clearance of 100 mL/min changes to 50 mL/min over 1 year, assuming that there has been no change in diet, which of the following physiologic changes can be expected?

 
 
 
 

237. Pneumococcus can be differentiated from streptococcus by

 
 
 
 

238. Nucleus in reticulocyte is:

 
 
 
 

239. Psammoma bodies are found in

 
 
 
 

240. Streptococcus mutans can be distinguished from other streptococci by