1. A 20-month-old female presents with her mother to your office for her first check-up. Her mother is concerned because her daughter only has a few erupted teeth. Upon examining the patient, which teeth should you expect to find?
2. A 5-year-old girl lives in an area with 0.4ppm F in the city drinking water. How much supplemental fluoride should you prescribe for the patient to consume the optimal amount of fluoride?
3. A child presents to your office after a fall from a tree, during which his primary maxillary central incisor was avulsed. The mother has brought the tooth in a cup of milk and says the fall occurred 2 hours ago. What is the best treatment for this patient?
4. A 6-year-old child presents with a Class I fracture to a tooth with an immature apex. What is the treatment of choice for this patient?
5. A disease process is characterized by painful, bleeding gingival tissue, punched out erosions covered by gray pseudomembrane, blunting of interproximal papillae, and a fetid odor. Treatment usually comprises debridement, mouth rinses, and antibiotics. This description is associated with which of the following conditions that may exist in teenagers?
6. How much fluoride, in ppm, is contained in commonly used toothpastes?
7. Fordyce granules are:
8. As compared with permanent teeth, primary teeth have:
9. The calcification of maxillary and mandibular permanent first molars occurs at what age?
10. The definition of primate space is:
11. A tooth has a periapical radiolucency with normal periodontal probing depths except at the mesiobuccal (MB) line angle it probes to the apex. The tooth tests nonvital. What is the most likely classification of the lesion?
12. Which of the following is a contraindication to the use of an electric pulp tester
13. Which of the following factors is the least likely to cause an instrument separating inside a root canal?
14. Which of the following is true of apexogenesis?
15. Fluoride varnish (5% sodium fluoride in a resin vehicle) is the preferred choice of pediatric dentistry for in-office fluoride delivery for which of the following reasons?
16. Congenitally missing teeth are the result of failure in which stage of development?
17. The enamel rods in the gingival third of primary teeth slope occlusally instead of cervically as in permanent teeth, and the interproximal contacts of primary teeth are broader and flatter than permanent teeth.
18. Formocresol has been shown to have a very good success rate when used as a medicament for pulpotomy procedures. Why is there continued interest to find another medicament that performs as well as or better than formocresol?
19. Your patient is 4 years old. Tooth E was traumatically intruded and approximately 50% of the crown is visible clinically. What is your treatment of choice?
20. Your patient is 4 years old. The maxillary right primary central incisor was traumatically avulsed 60 minutes ago. What is the treatment of choice?
21. A young permanent incisor with an open apex has a pinpoint exposure due to a traumatic injury that occurred 24 hours previously. The best treatment is _____.
22. A permanent incisor with an open apex is extruded 4 mm following an injury 15 minutes ago. What is the treatment of choice?
23. Frankel behavior is divided into how many numbers
24. In case of Pulpotomy of a mandibular 2nd primary molar in a five year old child, which local anaesthetic technique is to be used Intrapulpul
25. For the typical child, bite-wing x-rays should be taken:
26. Radiographic examination of a permanent first molar with an early acute pulpal abscess in a 9 yr old child is likely to reveal
27. The teeth usually examined in the simplified oral hygiene index are
28. A radiograph of a 4 yr child reveals no evidence of calcification of mandibular second premolars. This means that
29. When a child patient is not able to hold the film during x-ray, who should hold the film:
30. When no new decay is formed, the frequency of repeated bitewing radiographs recommended in permanent dentition is
31. When no new decay is formed, the frequency of repeated bitewing radiographs recommended in primary dentition is
32. All of the following are true when comparing the normal child periodontium to the normal adult periodontium except:
33. Speech retardation may be considered if the child does not talk by -
34. Maximum gain in height in boys occurs during which year of life?
35. A child starts to hold his head stable at what age:
36. A self corrective anomaly in a 10 year old child is:
37. Dental age refers to the
38. The most common cause of short stature is?
39. Which milestone of a child coincides with the eruption of the 1st primary molars
40. Differences between child and adult patient are
41. The number of fontanelles present at birth is
42. The minimum number of lobes from which any tooth may develop is:
43. At birth child shows marked convex profile. This is due to
44. The normal SNA is
45. If a child`s teeth do not form this would primarily effect the growth of
46. How are baby breath located while sucking milk
47. According to Cron, the tooth starts erupting after
48. Which tooth is the only anterior tooth in either dentition to have a shorter inciso-cervical height than the mesio-distal width?
49. Space for eruption of permanent mandibular molars is created by
50. A lady with an Infant reported to clinic with the complaint of white teeth like structure, at the level of gingiva in mandibular anterior region. What should dentist do?
51. Mother of a child is worried about green stains on the recently erupted upper anterior teeth of her child. The stains are most probably due to:
52. The crowns of all 20 primary teeth begin to calcify between:
53. All of the following statements are true except:
54. Neonatal teeth are
55. A 6 year old patient reports with greenish blue swelling distal to deciduous 2nd molar. Treatment would be:
56. A light bluish dome shaped lesion on the inside lip of a 2 yr old child is mostly
57. The most common congenitally missing primary tooth is the:
58. In the maxilla the molar tooth germs develop, with their occlusal surfaces facing first
59. Primary teeth are lighter than permanent teeth because
60. In primary dentition, cusp of carabelli is seen in
61. The permanent mandibular tooth which most frequently erupts ectopically is the
62. In child with class II restoration fails because of
63. In formocresol pulpotomy cotton is applied over root stumps for
64. In mechanical exposure of pulp (size 0.3mm) what is to be done
65. Mandibular foramina in a 4 year child is located
66. Most common caries seen in primary 1 molar:
67. Oral bacteria attacks organic components of enamel and the breakdown products have the ability to dissolve the tooth mineral, this is
68. Which of the following factors in the Stephan's curve is related to the caries incidence and the sugar intake
69. When treating rampant dental caries the first step is to
70. There is a marked increase in the incidence of interproximal caries during the age of
71. The name early childhood caries (ECC) was given by
72. The presence of higher amounts of proline rich proteins (PRP) can have what kind of effect on caries causation
73. Caries assessment in children; which one is not high risk factor
74. The concept of window of infectivity was introduced by
75. The dental pulp first become influenced by dental caries when the carious lesion reaches
76. An 18 months old child has caries in maxillary incisors and 1st molars and mandibular molars and canines. This child most probably has which of the following condition
77. DIAGNOdent is a diagnostic device for assessing the presence or absence of pit and fissure caries. DIAGNOdent is a
78. Following types of fissures are not caries susceptible
79. Which of the following are advantages a light cured materials over chemical cure sealants?
80. Which property of pit and fissure sealant is most important?
81. Difficult to seal teeth include all the following except
82. Three different variations in the appearance of pits and fissures in crosssection include all of the following except
83. The disadvantages of clear resin when used as a sealant is
84. Sealant retention to buccal and palatal pits and fissures of molars compared to occlusal pits and fissures
85. The success of a sealant retention depends mainly on
86. Parents should begin cleaning a child`s mouth
87. Chlorhexidine, achemotherapeutic agent used for treating plaque, calculi and gingivitis is a
88. Diluted resin is used in
89. Preventive resin restoration is used
90. It is best to use which of the following for a topical fluoride application in the office for a patient that has porcelain, glass ionomer or composite restorations?
91. The most effective immediate action for a child who has accidentally swallowed 10 cc of a 10 percent fluoride solution is to
92. Which of the following should be taken into consideration when fluoridating the community water supply
93. Maximum amount of fluoride in the tooth structure is in
94. A 15-year-old female has lived in a non-fluoridated area all of her life. Which of the following is most likely to occur in this young lady when she moves to a community where the drinking water naturally contains 6 ppm of fluoride?
95. Amalgam is most often the restorative material of choice for primary teeth. The most important modification in its use for children is in the
96. Acid etching was introduced by
97. Stainless steel crown are contraindicated in
98. Bis-GMA resin was developed by
99. An advantage of the rubber dam is that it
100. In a stainless steel crown on a deciduous molar with overhanging margins, gingival pain and inflammation occurs due to: